In consideration of the personal safety and well-being of the UNC Charlotte campus community, and in accordance with applicable state and federal laws, this Policy establishes requirements for accessibility, behavior, and treatment of animals on campus.
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte recognizes that owners of Domestic Animals may desire to bring those animals to the campus; users of Service Animals or Service Animals in Training may find it necessary to bring those animals on campus; and Feral or Wild Animals may select the campus landscape as their habitat. In consideration of the personal safety and well-being of the UNC Charlotte campus community, and in accordance with applicable state and federal laws, this Policy establishes requirements for accessibility, behavior, and treatment of animals on campus.
No person may bring an animal onto the University campus, except for:
a. Service Animals and Service Animals in Training as defined in Section III.A and III.B below and as provided in Section IV.A below;
b. Domestic Animals, as defined in Section III.C below and as provided in Section IV.C below;
c. Animals used for academic research, but only as provided in University Policy 310, Laboratory Animals Used for Teaching and Research; or
d. Animals that are brought on campus for a purpose specifically approved and under conditions established by the Chancellor or a vice chancellor.
This Policy does not apply to animals on campus solely for the purpose of instructional use.
A. Service Animals
Service Animals are dogs that are individually trained to respond to an individual’s needs and to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Examples of such work or tasks include guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, reminding a person with mental illness to take prescribed medications, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack, or performing other duties. Service animals are working animals, not pets. The work or task a dog has been trained to provide must be directly related to the person’s disability. Dogs whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as Service Animals under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
In some cases, upon assessment and determination by the Animal Compliance Committee (see Section V below), a miniature horse may be permitted on campus as a Service Animal, if the miniature horse has been individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability. In making such assessment and determination, the Animal Compliance Committee will consider the following factors:
B. Service Animals in Training
A Service Animal in Training is an animal in training to become a Service Animal when the animal is accompanied by a person who is training the Service Animal and the animal is wearing a collar and leash, harness, or cape that identifies the animal as a Service Animal in Training.
C. Domestic Animals
Domestic Animals are those species of animals that normally and customarily share human habitat and are normally dependent on humans for food and shelter, including dogs, cats, and other common domestic animals, but not including Feral or Wild Animals as defined in Section III.D below. Service Animals and Service Animals in Training are not considered Domestic Animals for the purpose of this Policy.
D. Feral or Wild Animals
Feral or Wild Animals are animals that are not socialized or domesticated.
A. Service Animals and Service Animals in Training
In University facilities and on the University campus:
1. Service Animals and Service Animals in Training must be under control with devices as set forth in Section IV.C.1 below, unless these devices interfere with the animal’s work or the individual’s disability prevents using these devices. In that case, the individual must maintain control of the animal through voice, signal, or other effective controls. A Service Animal in Training must be on a lead and under control at all times.
2. Use of a Service Animal or Service Animal in Training may be prohibited if the use of the animal poses a direct threat to the health or safety of other persons.
3. Use of a Service Animal in Training may be prohibited if the presence of the Service Animal in Training will result in a fundamental alteration of the educational program or activity involved. Questions about the impact of the Service Animal on an educational program or activity should be addressed with the Office of Disability Services in consultation with the sponsoring department.
4. When it is not obvious what service an animal provides, University officials may ask only two questions: (1) Is the animal a Service Animal required because of a disability? and (2) What work or task has the animal been trained to perform? University officials cannot ask about the person’s disability, require medical documentation, require a special identification card or training documentation for the animal, or ask that the animal demonstrate its ability to perform the work or task.
5. University officials may ask an individual to remove a Service Animal or Service Animal in Training from University facilities or the University campus if:
a. The animal poses a direct threat to the health and safety of others;
b. The animal is out of control or disruptive and the animal’s handler does not take effective action to control it; or
c. The animal is not housebroken.
6. Service Animals in Training must meet the requirements set forth under Section IV.C below, except as otherwise provided.
B. Feral or Wild Animals
C. Except as otherwise set forth below, the following requirements apply to all Service Animals, Service Animals in Training, and Domestic Animals on campus:
a. Campus building, including all residence and non-residence buildings;
b. Enclosed or delineated outdoor athletic or recreational facility; or
c. Officially reserved or scheduled outdoor event on campus.
The Associate Vice Chancellor for Risk Management, Safety, and Security, if necessary in consultation with Office of Disability Services, the ADA Compliance Officer, and/or Police and Public Safety, will be responsible for providing the final determination on the risk, potential hazard, potential for property damage, or potential for public nuisance of any animal on campus grounds. Nothing in this Policy is intended to limit the freedom of the Associate Vice Chancellor for Risk Management, Safety, and Security or Police and Public Safety in the assessment or handling of any situation involving an animal in University facilities or on the University campus.
The Office of Disability Services is responsible for maintaining any documentation regarding Service Animals and Service Animals in Training.
The Animal Compliance Committee is responsible for making assessments and determinations about requests for accommodation of miniature horses as Service Animals. The Animal Compliance Committee shall be comprised of the Associate Vice Chancellor for Risk Management, Safety, and Security, the Director of the Office of Disability Services, the ADA Compliance Officer, and the Chief of Police and Public Safety.
VI. Violations of this Policy
All members of the campus community share the responsibility of implementing all aspects of this Policy. To report the presence of an animal in violation of this Policy, call Police and Public Safety at 911 from a campus phone or at 704-687-2200. Failure to comply with implementation of this Policy will result in the following consequences:
Responsible Office: Business Affairs